Post-Market Clinical Follow-up Report

How to successfully create a Post-Market Clinical Follow-up Report which is Medical Device Regulation (MDR) compliant

What is a Post-Market Clinical Follow-up Report?

A Post-Market Clinical Follow-up (PMCF) Report is a structured report that summarises the findings of PMCF activities conducted in relation to a medical device. The Medical Device Regulation - MDR 2017/745 - significantly elevates the importance of PMCF compared to its level of prominence under the predecessor legislation, the Medical Device Directive MDD 93/42/EC.

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Detailed rules for PMCF under the MDR are set out in Annex XIV Part B. All PMCF must be conducted according to a written PMCF plan, submitted as one component of the technical documentation needed for regulatory scrutiny along with the device itself. Periodically, findings from PMCF must be summarised in a PMCF Evaluation Report, with the contents of the Report also forming part of the Clinical Evaluation Report (CER) for the device.

What should the PMCF Report contain?

The continuous clinical evidence collection process in Post-Market Clinical Follow-up
Fig 1: The continuous clinical evidence collection process in Post-Market Clinical Follow-up (PMCF)

Although MDR Annex XIV Part B contains detailed guidance for structuring a PMCF Plan, it does not go into similar detail for the requirements of the contents of the PMCF evaluation report. This can lead to manufacturers feeling unsure as to what to include in the report.

The EU Commission produces a range of MEDDEV guidance documents intended to help medical device manufacturers meet regulatory requirements. One of these documents - MEDDEV 2.12/2 rev 2 - focuses on PMCF activities and gives some detail about requirements for PMCF Reports. Unfortunately, MEDDEV 2.12/2 rev 2 has not yet been updated to reflect changes introduced by the MDR (as of June 2020) and still references Essential Requirements and other elements that no longer apply under the new legislation.

Nevertheless, information within MEDDEV 2.12/2 rev 2 is still of value in constructing a PMCF Report. The guidance document states that the report should reach conclusions that relate back to the original objectives and/or hypotheses for the PMCF study, as specified in the PMCF plan. Therefore, a sensible structure for a Post-Market Clinical Follow-up report would relate closely to the structure of the PMCF plan, introducing findings from the investigation at relevant points.

PMCF objectives should focus on areas such as:

  • Adverse events
  • Side-effect frequency and severity
  • Systematic misuse of the product
  • Safety and performance of the device in routine use

Therefore, data relating to each of these areas generated through PMCF studies can be summarised under the appropriate heading in the PMCF Report.

The report should also contain a summary of methods used to generate the data, and information about any method alternations that may be required for future PMCF activities. An assessment should also be made as to whether PMCF activities have been sufficient to address the full range of objectives specified in the plan.

What skills are necessary to write an MDR compliant PMCF Report?

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The MDR as an entity draws heavily upon requirements for the production and interpretation of clinical data. An ability to critically appraise, interpret, and apply the findings of clinical evidence is essential in working with PMCF data, as is an ability to understand and appraise the methods by which data has been generated.

Medical professionals with suitable training in the field are very well positioned to write PMCF Reports and to work with many other aspects of MDR compliance that require the handling of clinical evidence.

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